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Social Challenges in Brazil

Updated: Feb 6



Happy Child shares a detailed view of the reality faced by the population of Brazil


  • POPULATION

Brazil has a population of 215 million people 26.9 million people in Brazil are ensnared in extreme poverty.


Brazil’s child population is larger than 133 of the world’s 197 countries – 68 million

Inequality is reflected in all areas of children’s lives:

  • Housing

  • Nutrition

  • Education

  • Sanitation and access to clean water

  • Health

  • Access to leisure facilities

  • INCOME

In 2021 72.4 million people lived on up to half a minimum salary ie £91.00 a month, just under half of this number of people were living on just £41.00 per day.  


Statistics reflect that in the northeast region, where Happy Child International’s partners operate:

  • 15.9 million people are earning up to a quarter of a minimum salary

  • 15.5 million are earning more than quarter of a minimum salary or just over which is a larger proportion of the population than anywhere else in the country.

The World Bank states in 2023 says that half of Brazil’s children, the country’s future workforce, are growing up in poor households:

  • 5.3 million children in the northeast under 14 live in households where parents are earning up to quarter of a minimum salary

  • The World Bank states in 2023 that figures from 2019 illustrate that 4 out of 10 Brazilian youths had not completed secondary school by the age of 19.

  • SOCIAL INEQUALITY 

Brazil remains one of the most unequal countries in the world with a Gini coefficient of 0.53 in 2021 and the wealthiest 1% owning half of the countries household wealth.

  • 78.5% of people of colour are in the bottom 10% of the income segment

  • 24.8% of people of colour are in the top income segment.

  • EALRY TEENAGE PREGNANCY

Of every 1000 women having babies in Brazil the World Bank states that 45 are born to young women between the ages of 15 to 19 years old (2021)



  • VIOLENCE

There are 22 intentional homicides per 100,000 people in Brazil 43.9 000 homicides were reported to SIM (Sistema de Informacoes Mortalidade)  5.9 000 were to children between the ages of 0 to 19 years old 17.7% of these homicides occur in the northeast region to young people under 19 years of age


Please keep supporting the projects we are working with and the vulnerable children and young people we are serving in Recife, Brazil.





  • Written by Caroline Taylor

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